Knowledge for action on tropical forests and rights

The Global Comparative Study on REDD+ (GCS REDD+) launched its fourth phase in 2021, building on over a decade of research on actions to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and enhance forest carbon stocks.

In Viet Nam, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) referenced GCS REDD+ global research findings on carbon rights and REDD+ benefit-sharing in a draft decree that, once approved, will be a criterion for receipt of results-based payments.

In Peru, the Ministry of Environment submitted its updated national Forest Reference Emissions Level (FREL) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Informed by GCS REDD+ research on soil carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, the FREL is the first official national document to recognize the importance of Amazonian peatlands. And the National Service of Protected Areas (SERNANP) officially adopted the customized adaptive learning tool ¿Cómo vamos? on multistakeholder management committees.

In Indonesia, several GCS REDD+ contributions were adopted in the country’s second FREL, including the addition of methane and nitrous oxide emissions from peatland degradation, a new approach for calculating emissions from mangrove conversion apart from other land uses, and the inclusion of emissions from peat fires.

Finally, CIFOR-ICRAF was invited to contribute to global initiatives such as the World Bank’s multi-donor trust fund Enhancing Access to Benefits while Lowering Emissions (EnABLE), the LEAF Coalition’s Emergent Working Group, and the International Land Coalition (ILC). Requests also came from the private sector for scientific input, as well as from countries such as Guatemala and Viet Nam to support the development of national REDD+ benefit-sharing plans.

Supported by www.cifor-icraf.org/gcs/partners/funding-partners

“Our science-policy dialogues in Indonesia, Peru and DRC are bringing new insights into what is needed for countries to meet their post-CoP26 climate commitments.”

Pham Thu Thuy

Team Leader Climate change, energy & low-carbon development

Harnessing the power of forests, trees and agroforestry


In 2021, as the Covid-19 pandemic started to turn a corner and new hope sprang from the launch of global initiatives on restoration and land use, CIFOR-ICRAF completed a successful three-year merger process, finishing the year with a project pipeline of USD 430 million and fully harmonized management, research and regional processes.

This report highlights some of our solutions to five global challenges: deforestation and biodiversity loss, climate change, dysfunctional food systems, unsustainable supply and value chains, and inequality. Achievements include informing national policies in Peru and Viet Nam, applying new technologies in the Congo Basin and India, and co-creating solutions with partners and communities in Indonesia and Cameroon – all while integrating considerations of the rights of women, Indigenous Peoples and local communities.

The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) has reached over one billion people. The CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) wrapped up 10 years of impact. And Resilient Landscapes is fast becoming a nexus between science, business and finance, with projects starting in Papua New Guinea, Serbia and Brazil.

With the momentum of a combined 70 years’ experience, CIFOR-ICRAF is forging ahead with its valued partners, finding new ways to harness the transformative power of forests, trees and agroforestry for a more resilient future.