A landscape perspective on nutrition and livelihoods

Trees play an important role in the nutrition and food security of people worldwide. Whether in forests or on farms, trees benefit communities both directly through the foods they grow, and indirectly through the ecosystem services they provide for farming, and the incomes they generate through the sale of wood and non-timber forest products.

The Nutri-scapes Transformative Partnership Platform (TPP) explores how to better integrate wild and cultivated tree foods into food systems for healthier diets and more sustainable livelihoods. The platform applies a landscape lens to the urgent challenges of food and nutrition insecurity by recognizing the different roles trees and tree foods play across spaces from forests through farms to urban consumers – and by focusing on how to leverage these to develop transformative solutions.

The TPP works across geographies and projects to highlight trade-offs and synergies within the food system. For example, in Indonesia, theTPP is working to understand how conversion to oil palm in smallholder landscapes and conversion of mangroves in coastal landscapes affects diets and incomes.

With its Zambian partners, the TPP carried out the first nationally representative estimate of wild food contributions to diets in the world.

Together with local communities across Africa, Nutri-scapes researchers are co-developing context-specific ‘nutritious food portfolios’. These are designed to fill seasonal micronutrient gaps in local diets through a combination of indigenous and exotic tree foods, alongside other vegetable, legume and staple crops.

Supported by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Harnessing the power of forests, trees and agroforestry


In 2021, as the Covid-19 pandemic started to turn a corner and new hope sprang from the launch of global initiatives on restoration and land use, CIFOR-ICRAF completed a successful three-year merger process, finishing the year with a project pipeline of USD 430 million and fully harmonized management, research and regional processes.

This report highlights some of our solutions to five global challenges: deforestation and biodiversity loss, climate change, dysfunctional food systems, unsustainable supply and value chains, and inequality. Achievements include informing national policies in Peru and Viet Nam, applying new technologies in the Congo Basin and India, and co-creating solutions with partners and communities in Indonesia and Cameroon – all while integrating considerations of the rights of women, Indigenous Peoples and local communities.

The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) has reached over one billion people. The CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) wrapped up 10 years of impact. And Resilient Landscapes is fast becoming a nexus between science, business and finance, with projects starting in Papua New Guinea, Serbia and Brazil.

With the momentum of a combined 70 years’ experience, CIFOR-ICRAF is forging ahead with its valued partners, finding new ways to harness the transformative power of forests, trees and agroforestry for a more resilient future.