Harnessing the power of forests, trees and agroforestry

Annual Report

Mosaic landscape. Pandeglang, Banten, Indonesia. © Tom Fisk/ Pexels

Letter from the Board and Management

Welcome messages

Getachew Engida

Board Chair

Tony Simons

Ex‐officio Trustee ICRAF, ICRAF Director General

Robert Nasi

Ex‐officio Trustee CIFOR, CIFOR Director General

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Worldwide presence

CIFOR-ICRAF operates across 64 countries, with offices in 25 countries. We currently have 739 staff and 192 active projects.

Our decades-long host country agreements with Indonesia and Kenya reflect their global leadership and deep commitment to forests, trees and agroforestry.





publication downloads




website page views


reach on social media


media articles

We are deeply grateful for the financial support of our funding partners and the collaboration of our strategic partners.


funding partners


strategic partners


CIFOR-ICRAF expenditures 2021

Worldwide presence

Global challenges – and how to tackle them

Our planet and the people who live on it are in the midst of a perfect storm of five interconnected global challenges: deforestation and biodiversity loss, climate change, dysfunctional food systems, unsustainable supply and value chains, and inequality. Because each crisis affects the others, solving them requires whole-system responses that consider how all people are affected and the environment is impacted over time.

Transdisciplinary science at CIFOR-ICRAF not only delivers holistic solutions but also ensures their relevance to national programmes and local communities, as shown throughout this report. By supporting local innovation rather than helicoptering in solutions from outside, we embrace cutting-edge science while working hand in hand with global, national and local communities to co-create and scale solutions that meet their needs.

We operate transformative research. For example, we seek not only to understand how gender inequity compromises sustainable development, but also to shift power asymmetries to create a more equitable future for both men and women.

—Fergus Sinclair, Chief Scientist


Our way of working

CIFOR-ICRAF is focused on contributing to a decisive shift in global trajectories: from a future of environmental destruction and livelihood crises to one of prosperity and planetary health. Uniquely equipped to deliver transformative research, we harness the power of science and innovation to improve the benefits that forests, trees, soils andtheir sustainable management can provide to all human kind, for a more resilient, equitable and prosperous future. Our work is aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement, as well as the three Rio Conventions.

We continue to implement our 10-year strategy (2020-2030), working across five broad themes: Trees and forest genetic resources and biodiversity; Climate change, energy and low-carbon development; Soil and land health; Sustainable value chains and investments; and Governance, equity and well-being. CIFOR and ICRAF are members of CGIAR, a global research partnership for a food-secure future. In this report, find out what CIFOR-ICRAF is doing to create:

1 Thriving, diverse forests and farms
2 Climate-resilient ecosystems and communities
3 Sustainable, vibrant food systems
4 Green, equitable supply and value chains
5 Inclusive, rights-based collaboration and governance

The right tree in the right place for the right purpose. Yangambi, DRC. © Axel Fassio/ CIFOR-ICRAF

Our innovations

CIFOR-ICRAF delivers game-changing solutions to global and national challenges through three innovative approaches that are catalysing a positive shift in research for development across Africa, Asia and Latin America:

  • Transformative Partnership Platforms – alliances focused on critically important challenges

  • Engagement Landscapes – geographic locations where we carry out concentrated, long-term transformative work with diverse and committed partners

  • Flagship Products – initiatives that provide action-oriented insights into key global issues

Our network

The entities of the CIFOR-ICRAF network reinforce and advance our shared aim to unlock the potential of trees and forests to combat climate change, biodiversity loss and land degradation.

Our network

Our solutions to 5 global challenges

CIFOR-ICRAF delivers demand-driven, transformative evidence of the ways that trees can revitalize both landscapes and livelihoods. Find out what we are doing to create:


Thriving, diverse forests and farms

Our work on tree genetic resources, sustainable forest management, and soil and land health is supporting efforts to halt deforestation and revive degraded lands and habitats.

Construction of the Congoflux tower. Tshopo, DRC © Fiston Wasanga/ CIFOR-ICRAF


Climate-resilient ecosystems and communities

We provide critical evidence on nature-based solutions to the climate crisis, such as sustainable forest and wetland management, agroforestry and landscape restoration.

Successful restoration considers gender and social inclusion. Yanonge, DRC © Axel Fassio/ CIFOR-ICRAF


Sustainable, vibrant food systems

We are showing how trees and forests can transform the way we produce and consume nutritious foods, whether cultivated or wild.

Agroecology can transform landscapes, livelihoods and diets. Himachal Pradesh, India © Neil Plamer/CIAT


Green, equitable supply and value chains

By showing how trade and investment in forest and tree products can benefit rural livelihoods, we help translate sustainable production into income.

Coffee nursery. Sokoru village, Ethiopia. © Ollivier Girard/CIFOR


Inclusive, rights-based collaboration and governance

Throughout our work, we address inequalities and support practices of governance that lead to positive change for women, Indigenous Peoples and rural communities.

Inclusivity in multistakeholder forums is key to success. San Martín, Peru © Marlon del Aguila/CIFORICRAF

Forests Trees and Agroforestry

The CGIAR Research Program (CRP) on Forests Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) is celebrating 10 years of impactful research for development. Between 2011 and 2021, led by CIFOR-ICRAF and its strategic partners – the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, CATIE, CIRAD, INBAR and Tropenbos International – FTA upheld trees and forests as drivers of transformational change.


10 years of impact


countries with FTA projects


million in funding


partnerships over 10 years


research publications




million downloads

On the ground

up to133

million ha of forests protected

 24125 Gt

of avoided CO2 emissions

Reduced vulnerability/poverty for5–19

million people

Trees in dry forests provide critical ecosystem services.© Michael Balinga/CIFOR

Global Landscapes Forum

By the end of 2021, the GLF had reached 1.5 billion people, establishing it as the leading global movement on sustainable landscapes. The GLF’s connection with communities, grassroots actors and local change-makers, as well as large, multilateral donors puts it in a unique position to catalyse transformative change at scale.

In 2021, the GLF continued to seek solutions and rally action to solve the most urgent challenges of our time. It ran three major hybrid or full digital events, GLF Africa, GLF Amazonia and GLF Climate, with 900 speakers and 18,000 participants from 186 countries. 2021 also saw the launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration with the GLF as its core partner.


GLF has connected








event participants from 185 countries


leading global development institutions serving as Charter Members

GLF has reached




reached through media outreach in 2021


on social media

GLF Climate, University of Glasgow, UK. © GLF

Resilient Landscapes

Incubated by CIFOR-ICRAF with a mission to catalyse investments in nature-based solutions from the private sector and financial institutions, Resilient Landscapes delivers results-driven action across all 17 Sustainable Development Goals.


Managalas plateau. Oro Province, Papua New Guinea. © Marc Dozier

Communications, outreach and engagement


total website pageviews
a 11% increase


e-newsletter subscribers
a 18.2% increase




blog site pageviews
a 2.3% increase


total followers in all social media platforms




publication downloads
a 39.2% increase


engagements on Facebook
a 31% increase


followers on Instagram
a 24% increase

50 k

a 12% increase


engagements on Twitter, with 178,000 followers
a 18% increase


YouTube views


media articles about CIFOR, ICRAF, FTA, RL
a 33% increase


engagements on LinkedIn 118,600 followers
a 28% increase


Flickr views

Gnetum (okok) plant in the village of Minwoho, Lekié, Center Region, Cameroon. © Ollivier Girard/CIFOR

Harnessing the power of forests, trees and agroforestry


In 2021, as the Covid-19 pandemic started to turn a corner and new hope sprang from the launch of global initiatives on restoration and land use, CIFOR-ICRAF completed a successful three-year merger process, finishing the year with a project pipeline of USD 430 million and fully harmonized management, research and regional processes.

This report highlights some of our solutions to five global challenges: deforestation and biodiversity loss, climate change, dysfunctional food systems, unsustainable supply and value chains, and inequality. Achievements include informing national policies in Peru and Viet Nam, applying new technologies in the Congo Basin and India, and co-creating solutions with partners and communities in Indonesia and Cameroon – all while integrating considerations of the rights of women, Indigenous Peoples and local communities.

The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) has reached over one billion people. The CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) wrapped up 10 years of impact. And Resilient Landscapes is fast becoming a nexus between science, business and finance, with projects starting in Papua New Guinea, Serbia and Brazil.

With the momentum of a combined 70 years’ experience, CIFOR-ICRAF is forging ahead with its valued partners, finding new ways to harness the transformative power of forests, trees and agroforestry for a more resilient future.